Renewable energy in India comes under the purview of the Ministry of New and Renewable Energy. India was the first country in the world to set up a ministry of non-conventional energy resources, in early 1980s. India's cumulative grid interactive or grid tied renewable energy capacity (excluding large hydro) has reached about 42.85 GW, surpassing the installed capacity of its Hydroelectric power in India for the first time in Indian history. 63% of the renewable power comes from wind, while solar contributed nearly 16%.
Installed Grid Interactive Renewable Power Capacity in India as of April 30, 2016
|Wind Power||26,866.66 MW (62.7%)|
|Solar Power||6,762.85 MW (15.8%)|
|Biomass Power||4,831.33 MW (11.3%)|
|Small Hydro Power||4,273.47 MW (10.0%)|
|Waste-to-Power||115.08 MW (0.3%)|
India, the world’s fourth-largest carbon emitter with its population of 1.3 billion people,ratified the Paris agreement on climate change on 2nd-october-2016 to become the 62nd nation to join the deal. The ambitious Paris agreement, signed in December 2015, requires the member countries to make binding commitments to curb carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions to keep global average temperatures from rising above 1.5°C as compared to the pre-industrial years. It will enter into force on the 30th day after the date on which at least 55 countries accounting in total for at least an estimated 55% of the total global greenhouse gas emissions ratify it.
India is responsible for 6% of the global CO2 emissions following China, which accounts for 28%, the United States for 16% and the European Union 10%. In terms of per capita CO2 emissions, 10 other countries are ahead of India.
Till 2nd-october-2016, 61 countries, responsible for 48% of the global emissions, had ratified the Paris agreement. With India’s entry, the agreement has inched closer to entry into force.
As part of the initial commitments to the agreement, India also plans to reduce its carbon emission intensity - emission per unit of GDP - by 33-35% from 2005 levels over 15 years. It aims at producing 40% of its installed electricity capacity by 2030 from non-fossil fuels.
This would mean India will have to shift significantly from coal-based power generation to renewable energy sources and install 175 gigawatts of renewable power by 2022. (100 gigawatt from solar, 60 gigawatt from wind, 10 gigawatt from biomass and 5 gigawatt from small hydropower)